Instructions for Use - Ceramic Transfers
These transfers are designed for on-glaze ceramic applications and should be applied to white or neutral coloured ceramic bodies, transfers must be fired at a temperature suitable for both the ceramic body and the type of glaze, contact us if you need any advice prior to firing.
You will need a bowl of luke warm water, a clean dry cloth or squeegee (to smooth out creases and remove trapped air), scissors or scalpel/art knife.
The item that you are going to apply the transfer should be clean and free from dust and dirt, in some instances if the item has been shop bought it may be useful just to give it a quick wash prior to transfer application. Cut out the designs from your transfer sheet we recommend that you take care when performing this task and cut the image cleanly from the transfer sheet, immerse the transfer film into the water for 40-50 seconds, lightly wet the area that you intend to decorate with your transfer, after about 40-50 seconds you should be able to slide the transfer film from the backing paper - you can throw the backing paper away. Gently apply the transfer the right side up onto the ceramic object, and taking your time gently smooth from the centre out any creases or air bubbles that may be under the surface of the transfer film. Use the squeegee or the clean cloth to dry any excess water from the surface of the transfer, don't press too hard or you may rip or distort the transfer image. Its important after you have applied and dried the transfer that no noticeable creases or air bubbles remain as this will cause firing faults during the firing process and you will notice them after the product is removed from the kiln. You should leave the piece to dry for 1-2 hours in a clean environment prior to placing in the kiln.
Once the item(s) have been left to dry you are now ready to place into your kiln, we have given some firing guides below however as all kilns are different its not possible to supply exact information but as a guide we would normally fire the transfers at a rate of 100-150 degrees C per hour upto 600 degrees C and then as fast as the kiln will go upto the set top temperature. You will notice that the transfer sheets supplied with either have a blue or yellow background this is a dye we put into the cover coat this disappears at a low temperature and if firing in the kiln is firing whilst you are in the same room you will notice a faint smell when the kiln is firing. At around 200-300 degrees C the cover coat starts to burn off thisis solvent based so it is not recommended to fire the kiln in an enclosed area where people may be working. Once the firing cycle is complete the transfer should be glossy (depending on the ceramic body / glaze and firing temperature) as a rule of thumb if the image is matt and rough to the touch this generally indicates that the transfer is under fired and you may have to fire again at a higher temperature.
Earthenware Body - Transfer Fire 800-820 Degrees C
China Body - (Thick - Not Bone China) 820-860 Degrees C
China Body - (Bone China) 840 Degrees C
Porcelain Tableware - 840-880 Degrees C
Porcelain Tiles - 860-900 Degrees C
Stoneware - 860 - 900 Degrees C
Standard Wall Tiles - 820 Degree C
The above are guidelines ONLY, the transfers are stable to 950 Degrees C if you have any queries please contact us.
This process uses CMYK (cyan magenta yellow & black) ceramic process colours, these colours produce 256 half tones of colour and there will be some variation to what you would see on a computer screen or any other non-digital ceramic print process, its impossible to predict and/or match any digital ceramic colour to that of a pantone colour or other colour specific method prior to firing, as ceramic body, glaze, thickness of the glaze and kiln efficiencies will all have an effect on the final quality. You will get a likeness to your original artwork but we will not and do not warranty an exact match to original artwork, any orders for print or bespoke products are accepted on the understanding that you accept this limitation.
As we purchase the ceramic colour in batches and the manufacturer produces this colour in batches its also possible that colour will vary over time and we cannot guarantee that any repeat orders will turn out exactly the same as previous orders, therefore we accept no liability whatsoever for any colour variations for transfers that are purchased at different times.
Bespoke Ceramic Products
Prior to order placement we will discuss with you issues relating to colour limitation and repeatability, any orders for bespoke ceramic items such as plates, mugs, tile murals, memorial plaques and any other bespoke ceramic items must be paid for on order placement and no refunds or returns can be accepted. Any items damaged in transit will be replaced.